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How your body deals with stress ? ( Part-2 )

How your body deals with stress ? ( Part-2 ). Have ever wondered, how your body deals/reacts with or to stress ?

In today’s article we will find out how our body deals and reacts to stress. Before we start, don’t forget to subscribe our newsletter.

We all gone through stress at some part of our life, but sometimes we trapped too badly and found difficult to get out.

In Part-1, we already discussed about –

  • Effects on stress on Digestive System
  • Nervous System
  • Sexuality and Reproductive System
  • Respiratory System
  • Muscular System
  • Immune System

If you didn’t gone through it yet, click here to read

Let’s start Part-2 of this series.

Effects on Endocrine System

Endocrine system plays an important role in regulating mood, growth, metabloism and reproduction etc.

Do you know stress can affect our metabolism.

HPA Axis

During time of stress, the hypothalamus, signals the pituitary gland to produce a hormone

Which in turn signals the adrenal glands, to increase the production of cortisol.

Cortisol increases the level of energy fuel.

But why it happens ?

Because, during an stressful event, an increase in cortisol can provide the energy required to deal with the extreme challenge.

Chronic stress can results in impaired communication between immune system and the HPA Axis.

Effects on Gastrointestinal System. How your body deals with stress ? ( Part-2 )

Stress can have some unpleasant gastrointestinal effects.

Because the ability of our intestine to absorb nutrients get reduce.

Stress can also affect Brain – Gut communication.

Stress is associated with changes in gut bacteria which in turn can influence mood.

Esophagus –

When stressed, someone can eat much more or much less than usual.

And this may lead to heartburn or Acid reflex.

Stress can also increases the severity of regularly occurring heartburn pain.

A rare case of spasm in the esophagus can be set off by intense stress.

Stress may also make difficult to swallow.


Stomach may make pain, bloating, nausea.

Vomiting may occur if the stress is severe as enough.

In some cases it may make your ulcers even more worse.

Bowl –

It can affect how quickly food moves through the body which can cause diarrhea or constipation.

Furthermore, stress can induce muscle spasm in the bowl which can be painful.

Stress can affect digestion, and what nutrients intestine absorbs.

It may increase production of gas, indigestios etc.

The intestines have a tight barrier to protect the body from (most) food related bacteria.

Stress can make the intestinal barrier weaker and allow gut bacteria to enter the body.

Stress especially affects people with chronic bowl disorders, such as Inflammatory Bowel Disease or Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

This may be due to the gut nerves being more sensitive, changes in gut microbiota, changes in how quickly food moves through the gut, and/or changes in gut immune responses.

Effects on Cardiovascular System. How your body deals with stress ? ( Part-2 )

The heart and blood vessels comprise the two elements of the cardiovascular system that works together in providing nourishment and oxygen to the body.

The activity of these two elements is also coordinated in the body’s response to stress.

Acute Stress –

Stress is momentary or short term

This causes an increase in heart rate with the stress hormone – adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol – acting as messanger for these effects.

In addition, the blood vessels that direct blood to the large muscles and heart dilates.

Thereby increasing the amount of blood pumped to these parts of the body and elevating blood pressure.

This is also known as “fight or flight” response.

Once the acute stress has passed, body will return to it”s normal physiology again.

Chronic Stress

It can contribute to long term heart problems and blood vessels diseases.

The long term-ongoing stress can increase the risk of heart attack, stroke or hypertension.

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